The 1985 excavations at the Fredricks site recovered nearly twice the amount of faunal material as previous excavations. Analysis of this assemblage continues an earlier investigation (Holm 1985) into the patterns of faunal utilization of the inhabitants of this historic Indian site. A goal of the earlier (1983-1984) analysis was to determine, through a comparison of the remains from the historic Fredricks site with those from the protohistoric Wall site, the extent to which contact with Europeans affected the utilization of animals by Piedmont Indians. It was determined that the presence of Europeans had little impact on faunal utilization. The overall patterns at both sites were very similar.
Many of the same species were utilized at both sites, and the only differences were in the relative quantities used. Also, the order of importance of the species, in terms of minimum numbers of individuals and meat yield, was very similar at both sites. There is no evidence that participating in trade with the Europeans had a major impact on the utilization of deer or any other species. As one fragment of pig bone and one horse molar were the only remains of domesticated animals recovered from the site, it is unlikely that European-introduced species were of major importance to the Occaneechi.